News from Around the World

Us vs. them: Understanding the neurobiology of stereotypes

Scientists describe how non-invasive brain stimulation -- a technique he and others have pioneered to unlock the secrets of the brain -- could shed light on the neurobiology underlying implicit bias.

Oct 16, 2018 | 07:31 am Read More

Cesarean-born mice show altered patterns of brain development, study finds

Cesarean-born mice show altered patterns of cell death across the brain, exhibiting greater nerve cell death than vaginally delivered mice in at least one brain area, a finding that suggests birth mode may have acute effects on human neurodevelopment that[…]

Oct 16, 2018 | 06:29 am Read More

Mouse shows potential as an animal model of decision-making

Mice can be used to study the neural circuits underlying complex decision-making, suggests an analysis of more than 500,000 mouse decisions.

Oct 16, 2018 | 04:29 am Read More

How the human brain detects, identifies, and acts on taste

Sweet and bitter flavors are identified as soon as they are tasted, according to human neural and behavioral data. The study provides new insight into how the brain rapidly detects and discriminates between potentially nutritious and toxic substances.

Oct 16, 2018 | 04:29 am Read More

Study points to possible new therapy for hearing loss

Researchers have taken an important step toward what may become a new approach to restore the hearing loss. In a new study scientists have been able to regrow the sensory hair cells found in the cochlea -- a part of[…]

Oct 16, 2018 | 04:29 am Read More

New immunotherapy targeting blood-clotting protein

A team has developed an antibody that blocks the inflammatory and oxidative activity of fibrin, which contributes to neurodegeneration in the brain, without compromising the protein's clotting function.

Oct 16, 2018 | 04:29 am Read More

Scientists chase mystery of how dogs process words

Experimental results suggest that dogs have at least a rudimentary neural representation of meaning for words they have been taught, differentiating words they have heard before from those they have not.

Oct 16, 2018 | 03:09 am Read More

Neck device shows promise in protecting the brain of female soccer players

A new study of female high school soccer players suggests that a neck collar may help protect the brain from head impacts over the course of a competitive soccer season.

Oct 16, 2018 | 01:54 am Read More

Many cases of dementia may arise from non-inherited DNA 'spelling mistakes'

Only a small proportion of cases of dementia are thought to be inherited -- the cause of the vast majority is unknown. Now a team of scientists believe they may have found an explanation: spontaneous errors in our DNA that[…]

Oct 15, 2018 | 23:46 pm Read More

A new study indicates the possibility to monitor the progression of Alzheimer's disease by monitoring major brain antioxidant levels using noninvasive techniques

In a breakthrough human study, anti-oxidant, glutathione (GSH), which protects the brain from stress, has been found to be significantly depleted in Alzheimer's patients compared to normal subjects. As GSH is a very important anti-oxidant that protects the brain from[…]

Oct 13, 2018 | 09:08 am Read More

Abnormal vision in childhood can affect brain functions

A research team has discovered that abnormal vision in childhood can affect the development of higher-level brain areas responsible for things such as attention.

Oct 13, 2018 | 09:08 am Read More

Oscillations provide insights into the brain's navigation system

The brain creates a map of our environment, which enables reliable spatial navigation. The Nobel Prize was awarded in 2014 for research into how this navigation system works at the cellular level. Researchers have now shown that the characteristics of[…]

Oct 13, 2018 | 02:02 am Read More

Insights on the effects of exercise on cognitive performance

A new study has looked at the details behind how cognitive performance may improve during aerobic exercise.

Oct 13, 2018 | 02:02 am Read More

How the grid cell system of the brain maps mental spaces

How exactly the grid cell system works in the human brain, and in particular with which temporal dynamics, has until now been speculation. A much-discussed possibility is that the signals from these cells create maps of 'cognitive spaces' in which[…]

Oct 13, 2018 | 01:22 am Read More

Early changes to synapse gene regulation may cause Alzheimer's disease

New research has revealed a role for splicing proteins in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. Increased phosphorylation of the SRRM2 protein, seen in AD mouse models and human patients, was found to block its transport to the nucleus. This reduced[…]

Oct 13, 2018 | 00:29 am Read More

Nerve stimulation in mice suggests new way to reduce delirium after surgery

For adults over age 65, surgical complications can dampen not only their physical health but also their mental sharpness, with more than half of high-risk cases declining into delirium. New research shows a current treatment for seizures can also reverse[…]

Oct 12, 2018 | 05:31 am Read More

Human brain cell transplant offers insights into neurological conditions

Scientists have created a 'window' into the brain, which enables researchers to watch in incredible detail how human brain cells develop and connect to each other in real time.

Oct 12, 2018 | 05:31 am Read More

Scientists accidentally reprogram mature mouse GABA neurons into dopaminergic-like neurons

Attempting to make dopamine-producing neurons out of glial cells in mouse brains, a group of researchers instead converted mature inhibitory neurons into dopaminergic cells. Their findings reveal that -- contrary to previous belief -- it is possible to reprogram one[…]

Oct 12, 2018 | 02:24 am Read More

Thalamus wakes the brain during development

A new study suggests the thalamus controls the development of state dependency and continuity.

Oct 12, 2018 | 02:24 am Read More

Questioning the link between pollution by magnetite particles and Alzheimer's disease

A 2016 study showed that exposure to urban pollution involving magnetite particles played a role in the development of Alzheimer's disease. It began from the hypothesis that magnetite particles would generate chemical reactions that could cause oxidative stress for neurons.[…]

Oct 12, 2018 | 01:36 am Read More