News from Around the World

Male tobacco smokers have brain-wide reduction of CB1 receptors

Chronic, frequent tobacco smokers have a decreased number of cannabinoid CB1 receptors, the 'pot receptor', when compared with non-smokers, reports a new study.

Aug 16, 2018 | 00:53 am Read More

Immune cells in the brain have surprising influence on sexual behavior

Immune cells usually ignored by neuroscientists appear to play an important role in determining whether an animal's sexual behavior will be more typical of a male or female.

Aug 15, 2018 | 05:10 am Read More

SMURF1 provides targeted approach to preventing cocaine addiction relapse

A class of proteins that has generated significant interest for its potential to treat diseases, has for the first time, been shown to be effective in reducing relapse, or drug-seeking behaviors, in a preclinical study.

Aug 15, 2018 | 05:09 am Read More

Magnetic gene in fish may someday help those with epilepsy, Parkinson's

An aquarium fish that senses the Earth's magnetic field as it swims could help unlock how the human brain works and how diseases such as Parkinson's and other neurological disorders function. Scientists have discovered a navigational gene in glass catfish[…]

Aug 15, 2018 | 04:05 am Read More

New approach to treating chronic itch

Two receptors in the spinal cord and the right experimental drug: Researchers have discovered a new approach that suppresses itch. In a series of experiments in mice and dogs they successfully alleviated different forms of acute as well as chronic[…]

Aug 15, 2018 | 03:42 am Read More

Scientists propose a new lead for Alzheimer's research

Scientists have suggested a potential link between iron in our cells and the rare gene mutations that cause Alzheimer's disease, which could provide new avenues for future research.

Aug 15, 2018 | 00:15 am Read More

Large collection of brain cancer data now easily, freely accessible to global researchers

A valuable cache of brain cancer biomedical data, one of only two such large collections in the country, has been made freely available worldwide.

Aug 15, 2018 | 00:14 am Read More

Study identifies distinct origin of ADHD in children with history of brain injury

Physical brain injury in children contributes to the development of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), distinct from genetic risk for the disorder.

Aug 15, 2018 | 00:13 am Read More

Rethinking the stroke rule 'time is brain'

In 1993, neurologist Camilo Gomez, M.D., coined a phrase that for a quarter century has been a fundamental rule of stroke care: 'Time is brain!' The longer therapy is delayed, the less chance it will be successful. But the 'time[…]

Aug 14, 2018 | 06:05 am Read More

Adult-child conversations strengthen language regions of developing brain

Young children who are regularly engaged in conversation by adults may have stronger connections between two developing brain regions critical for language, according to a study of healthy young children that confirms a hypothesis registered with the Open Science Framework.[…]

Aug 14, 2018 | 03:34 am Read More

How the brain biases beliefs

People's motivation to cling to desirable notions about future outlooks results from interactions between prefrontal cortex regions, according to a human neuroimaging study.

Aug 14, 2018 | 03:34 am Read More

Potential biomarker for autism in infancy

A study of young children with autism spectrum disorder reveals altered brain waves compared to typically developing children during a motor control task. The non-invasive neuroimaging technique used in this study could be employed to detect autism symptoms as early[…]

Aug 14, 2018 | 03:34 am Read More

Amputees feel as though their prosthetic limb belongs to their own body

In a breakthrough approach that combines virtual reality and artificial tactile sensations, two amputees feel as though their prosthetic hand belongs to their own body. Moreover, the scientists show that the phantom limb actually grows into the prosthetic hand.

Aug 14, 2018 | 03:33 am Read More

Missing immune cells that could fight lethal brain tumors

Researchers have tracked the missing T-cells in glioblastoma patients. They found them in abundance in the bone marrow, locked away and unable to function because of a process the brain stimulates in response to glioblastoma, to other tumors that metastasize[…]

Aug 14, 2018 | 02:52 am Read More

Artificial intelligence platform screens for acute neurological illnesses

An artificial intelligence platform designed to identify a broad range of acute neurological illnesses, such as stroke, hemorrhage, and hydrocephalus, was shown to identify disease in CT scans in 1.2 seconds, faster than human diagnosis.

Aug 14, 2018 | 01:33 am Read More

How cannabis and cannabis-based drugs harm the brain

A new study shows that the long-term use of either cannabis or cannabis-based drugs impairs memory.

Aug 14, 2018 | 00:42 am Read More

An ion channel differentiates newborn and mature neurons in the adult brain

Newborn granule cells show high excitability that disappears as the cells mature. Little has been known about the mechanisms that create low excitability in mature cells or how excitability of the newborn granule cells changes over time. Now researchers have[…]

Aug 11, 2018 | 02:00 am Read More

Researcher reveal insights into brain circuitry

New research reveals novel molecular insights into how multiple cell types drive the formation and maturation of brain circuits.

Aug 11, 2018 | 02:00 am Read More

Primate study offers clues to evolution of speech

New research examining the brains and vocal repertoires of primates offers important insight into the evolution of human speech.

Aug 10, 2018 | 07:51 am Read More

A video game can change the brain, may improve empathy in middle schoolers

A fantastical scenario involving a space-exploring robot crashing on a distant planet is the premise of a video game developed for middle schoolers by researchers to study whether video games can boost kids' empathy, and to understand how learning such[…]

Aug 10, 2018 | 07:50 am Read More