News from Around the World

New insight into aging

Researchers examined the effects of aging on neuroplasticity in the primary auditory cortex, the part of the brain that processes auditory information. Neuroplasticity refers to the brain's ability to modify its connections and function in response to environmental demands, an[…]

Sep 20, 2018 | 01:58 am Read More

Use of electrical brain stimulation to foster creativity has sweeping implications

Researchers address neuro-ethical concerns associated with the increasing use of transcranial electrical stimulation (tES).

Sep 19, 2018 | 04:08 am Read More

Capitalizing on sleep-wake cycle can drastically increase digital ad profits from social media

New research shows digital content platforms can increase traffic to their websites from social media and boost digital ad profits by at least 8 percent, simply by aligning their posting schedules with target audiences' sleep-wake cycles.

Sep 19, 2018 | 03:17 am Read More

Neuroscience of envy: Activated brain region when others are rewarded revealed

Researchers showed that part of the macaque brain alters the sense of value felt upon receiving a reward in a manner dependent on the receipt of rewards by one's peers. This finding on the neuroscience of envy provides insight into[…]

Sep 19, 2018 | 01:09 am Read More

Hardwired for laziness? Tests show the human brain must work hard to avoid sloth

Society has encouraged people to be more physically active, yet we are actually becoming less active. This new study offers a possible explanation: Our brains may be innately attracted to sedentary behavior. Electroencephalograms showed that test subjects had to summon[…]

Sep 18, 2018 | 23:08 pm Read More

Enlarged genotype-phenotype correlation for a deletion in neurofibromatosis type 1

New research shows that while a three-base pair, in-frame deletion called p.Met992del in the NF1 gene has a mild phenotype for people with the genetic disorder neurofibromatosis type 1, or NF1, the mutation does cause complications. These include non-optic brain[…]

Sep 18, 2018 | 23:08 pm Read More

Zika vaccine shows promise for treating deadly brain cancer

Researchers have successfully deployed a Zika virus vaccine to target and kill human glioblastoma brain cancer stem cells, which had been transplanted into mice. In a new study, the team shows that a live, attenuated version of the Zika virus[…]

Sep 18, 2018 | 22:21 pm Read More

Do we trust people who speak with an accent?

A recently published study shows that unless they speak in a confident tone of voice, you're less likely to believe someone who speaks with an accent. And, interestingly, as you make this decision different parts of your brain are activated,[…]

Sep 18, 2018 | 22:20 pm Read More

Thinking beyond yourself can make you more open to healthy lifestyle choices

Many people feel threatened when reminded of their unhealthy behavior. However, a group of 220 sedentary adults became more receptive to health advice -- and more active -- after being primed to either think about their most important values or[…]

Sep 18, 2018 | 05:37 am Read More

Circuit found for brain's statistical inference about motion

Neuroscientists have found the neural wiring underlying predictive eye-tracking of movements and watched in monkeys as the circuit is set to predict a given speed. They say the neurons of the brain's sensory and motor systems are guided by a[…]

Sep 18, 2018 | 05:36 am Read More

Brain's lymphatic vessels as new avenue to treat multiple sclerosis

The brain's lymphatic vessels appear to carry previously unknown messages from the brain to the immune system that ultimately cause the disease symptoms. Blocking those messages may offer doctors a new way to treat a potentially devastating condition that affects[…]

Sep 18, 2018 | 03:59 am Read More

Characterizing pig hippocampus could improve translational neuroscience

A new study establishes the pig as promising preclinical research model for traumatic brain injury and epilepsy.

Sep 18, 2018 | 03:59 am Read More

Brain recovery: Activity, not rest, may speed recovery after brain injury

When recovering from a brain injury, getting back in the swing of things may be more effective than a prolonged period of rest, according to a new study in mice. These findings offer a compelling example of the brain's remarkable[…]

Sep 18, 2018 | 01:16 am Read More

Resynchronizing neurons to erase schizophrenia

By increasing the excitability of a subpopulation of 'defective' inhibitory neurons, researchers have demonstrated that it is possible to suppress certain behavioral symptoms associated with schizophrenia.

Sep 18, 2018 | 01:16 am Read More

Epidural stimulation leads to recovery of cardiovascular function in spinal-cord-injured

Four research participants with chronic, complete cervical spinal cord injury, persistent low resting blood pressure and blood pressure decrease when sitting up experienced improvements in blood pressure and heart rate regulation during and after spinal cord epidural stimulation (scES).

Sep 18, 2018 | 01:15 am Read More

Scientists reveal drumming helps schoolchildren diagnosed with autism

Children diagnosed with autism perform better in school if they participate in two 30-minute drumming sessions a week, according to a new scientific study.

Sep 14, 2018 | 22:48 pm Read More

Dietary fiber reduces brain inflammation during aging

As mammals age, immune cells in the brain known as microglia become chronically inflamed. In this state, they produce chemicals known to impair cognitive and motor function. That's one explanation for why memory fades and other brain functions decline during[…]

Sep 14, 2018 | 22:48 pm Read More

Cancer drug and antidepressants provide clues for treating brain-eating amoeba infections

Researchers have now identified three new molecular drug targets in Naegleria fowleri and a number of drugs that are able to inhibit the amoeba's growth in a laboratory dish. Several of these drugs are already approved by the US Food[…]

Sep 14, 2018 | 04:33 am Read More

Malicious brain cell identified

Astrocytes' important role in brain function suggests they are also involved in disease. Now, scientists have identified an astrocyte subpopulation as the dominant cell type to spring into action in vivo in a neuroinflammatory disease setting.

Sep 14, 2018 | 04:20 am Read More

High-resolution genomic map gives scientists unprecedented view of brain development

Researchers have created a massive database of the changes in gene activity of individual cells in the cerebellum during embryonic development and immediately after birth. The analysis of thousands of brain cells isolated from mice offers researchers a high-resolution map[…]

Sep 14, 2018 | 04:20 am Read More